We're often asked for more projects that can be done by beginners or used as projects to help teach someone to sew - especially a child. This week, we're introducing a new series to answer those requests: Xtra EZ. We have three wonderful pillow projects in a delightful new fabric from Dena Designs for FreeSpirit Fabrics called Love & Joy. It's billed as a Christmas fabric, but a number of the prints work beautifully year 'round. We chose the red and aqua colorway, which is a can't miss combo in everyone's book. For each of our Xtra EZ projects not only are the steps themselves just that: extra easy, we've also made sure there are specific techniques to build a beginner's sewing tool box. Today's pillow shows the tools and tricks to create a simple patchwork design and illustrates the most basic of pillow closures: the envelope back.
For more great information on getting started with quilting, check out our five-part series on Quilting Basics that begins here with Tools, Notions and Other Stuff You Need to Start.
This pillow finishes at 18" x 18"
Sewing Tools You Need
- Any sewing machine (we recommend the Janome Jem Gold 660)
The feet we used:
Fabric and Other Supplies
NOTE: For the very best look, all your pieces should be carefully fussy cut; we show you how below. The yardage shown allows extra for this purpose.
- ½ yard of 44-45" wide cotton for the front accent squares; we used Birds in Aqua from the Love & Joy collection by Dena Designs for FreeSpirit Fabrics
- ¾ yard of 44-45" wide cotton for the front main squares and the back; we used Flower Dot in Aqua from the Love & Joy collection by Dena Designs for FreeSpirit Fabrics
- ¾ yard of 20"+ wide low loft batting (you need a 20" x 20" cut); we used Pellon® Legacy™ Natural Cotton Batting
- ONE 18" x 18" pillow insert; we used a Fairfield Home Elegance pillow insert
- All-purpose thread to match fabrics
- See-through ruler; we recommend a 12" quilter's ruler
- Square-up ruler; this is optional, but makes fussy cutting much easier; we show you two options below: a windowpane styleand a traditional square style
- Fabric pen or pencil
- Iron and ironing board
- Rotary cutter and mat
- Seam gauge
- Seam ripper
- Straight pins
- When you have the right tools, every project is easier.... and more precise. This is especially true for beginners, but is really great advice for us all. We recommend all cutting be done with a rotary cutter, cutting mat and see-through quilter's ruler (we used a 12" x 6½" rulerfor this project).
- Find the ¾ yard cut of main fabric (Flower Dot in Aqua in our sample). Fold the cut in half so the selvedges match. Fold again so the selvedge is parallel with the center fold and the fabric is smooth and even. Place the folded fabric on the cutting mat so the center fold is aligned with a gridline on the cutting mat.
- Next, you will "square" the fabric. To do this, align the ruler with a vertical gridline close to one side. Using the rotary cutter, trim away this ragged edge.
- Place the ruler 6½" from the trimmed end of the fabric, using your cutting mat's gridlines as your guide. Align the ruler to the appropriate gridline at the 6½" point.
- Cut with the rotary cutter.
- Unfold the 6½" strip you just created so it is just two layers with the selvedges flush.
- Lay the strip on your cutting mat so one long side is aligned with a gridline (in our photo, it's the bottom). Place the ruler along a vertical gridline and trim away the selvedge.
- As you did above, place the ruler 6½" from the trimmed end of the fabric, using your cutting mat's gridlines as your guide. Align the ruler to the appropriate gridline at the 6½" point. Cut with the rotary cutter.
- Make a second cut 6½" to the left of your first cut. You now have FOUR perfect 6½" x 6½" squares.
- From the remaining fabric, cut a strip 18½" wide. To do this, Place the ruler 18½" from the trimmed end of the fabric, using your cutting mat's gridlines as your guide. Align the ruler to the appropriate gridline at the 18½" point.
- Cut with the rotary cutter.
- Cut this 18½" strip into two rectangles, one 12¾" wide and one 13¾" wide. The photo below shows you how we used the gridlines on the cutting mat and the gridlines of the ruler to position a ¾" cut.
- Find the ½ yard cut of accent fabric (Birds in Aqua in our sample). Place the fabric right side up on your cutting mat. Using a square-up ruler, fussy cut five 6½" x 6½" squares, centering the bird motif.
- Two different styles of square-up rulers are shown. The first ruler is a 6½" square marked with concentric squares and diagonal lines. The concentric lines help center the motif so it is evenly placed within the square; the diagonal lines aide in positioning the ruler. You simply center your motif, then cut around the square with a rotary cutter.
- The second style of square-up ruler has a center window. The ruler shown in our sample has, of course, a 6½" square window. Notice it has teardrop slices at each corner. These allow the rotary cutter to easily cut into the corners. Center the motif in the window, then cut along the inside edges with a rotary cutter.
- The result is the same with either tool: a perfectly fussy cut 6½" x 6½" accent square. Repeat to cut four additional squares, each with a centered motif.
- From the batting, cut one 20" x 20" square.
At Your Sewing Machine & Ironing Board
Create the front patchwork
- Place the squares into a classic Nine Patch arrangement: three rows of three squares.
- Place the squares of the third column right sides together with the squares of the middle column, aligning all the raw edges.
- If possible, switch to a Quarter Inch Seam foot. This specialty foot, which is standard on many models, makes it much easier to sew a consistent ¼" seam, the standard seam allowance used in patchwork. Adjust the stitch length down to 1.8 mm.
- Chain stitch the three pairs together. Chain stitching is the term quilters use for sewing multiple pairs together without taking time to trim between each pair.
- At the ironing board, press each pair so that the seam is pressed toward the accent print (Birds in Aqua in our sample). Snip the thread between the pairs to separate them.
- Place a sewn pair along side each the remaining three squares of the first column. Flip each sewn pair so it is right sides together together with a plain square. Align the raw edges. In the photo below, the bottom row has been flipped into position and the top two rows are in position to be flipped.
- As above, chain stitch together. Clip apart, and press the seams toward the accent print.
- Arrange the three sewn rows on your cutting mat. Our photo is of the wrong side, allowing you to see how pressing the seam allowances toward the accent print produces an alternating pattern.
- This is just what you want; it will make it easier in the next step to sew the rows together with perfectly matching seams.
- Place row one and row two right sides together, aligning all the seams. Pin in place.
- Stitch together with a ¼" seam allowance, making sure the seams butt against each other to create a perfect match.
- Place the sewn rows right sides together with row three. Pin together and then stitch together in the same manner. Press the seam allowances down toward the lower edge of the nine patch.
- Flip over and press from the front, admiring your perfectly matched corners: often called "perfect points."
Quilt the patchwork front to the batting
- Find the 20" x 20" square of batting. Place it flat on your cutting mat. Lay the patchwork front panel right side up on the batting, centering the panel within the batting square. Pin along the outer edges to keep the layers together.
- if possible, attach a Walking foot to the machine. A Walking foot has its own built-in feed dogs that work in combination with the machine's feed dogs to feed multiple layers of fabric and batting precisely and evenly.
- Adjust the stitch length to 2.8 mm.
- Stitch in the ditch along each of the patchwork seam lines: both down and across. This means your quilting seam lines are running right on top of the existing patchworking seams.
- When the stitching-in-the-ditch is completed, stitch around the outer edge of the patchworked panel, staying close to the edge. You want this outer stitching to be within what will be the ¼" seam allowance.
- Place the quilted front on the cutting mat, and using the ruler and rotary cutter, trim away the excess batting so the batting and patchwork panel are flush is flush.
Creating the back panels
- Find the two back rectangles.
- On the 13¾" wide panel, make a ¼" double fold hem. To do this, using your seam gauge, fold back the inner 18½" raw edge ¼" and press.
NOTE: If you are using a non-directional fabric as we did, either 18½" side can be the inner edge. If you have a directional fabric, you will have a definite inner edge - the edge at the center when the motif is right side up.
- Press the fold in place. Then fold an additional ¼" and press again. The raw edge is now completed enclosed.
- Pin in place.
- Switch back to a Standard presser foot.
- Edgestitch in place, close to the fold.
- On the 12¾" panel, make a 2½" hem along the inner edge. To do this, fold back the inner 18½" raw edge ½" and press.
- Fold an additional 2" and press again.
- Pin in place.
- Edgestitch along both the inner and outer folds to create a placket.
NOTE: For more on hemming, see our tutorial on How To Make a Simple Hem.
Layering to finish
- Place the patchworked front panel right side up on your cutting mat.
- Place the back placket panel right side down on the front panel, align the three raw edges of the back panel with the front panel's raw edges. Pin in place.
- Place the narrow-hemmed panel right side down on the front panel, overlapping the placket panel. Again, align the top, side and bottom raw edges of the back panel with the front panel. Pin in place.
- Using a ¼" seam allowance, stitch together through all the layers around all four sides. Go slowly and make sure your layers stay flat. Remember to pivot at all the corners.
- Clip the corners diagonally. Be careful not to clip into your seam.
- Turn right side out through the back opening.
- Gently push out the corners from the inside using a long, blunt-end tool, such as a knitting needle or chopstick.
- Insert your pillow form through the back opening (called an envelope opening) and fluff it out into the corners.
Project Design: Alicia Thommas
Sample Creation and Instructional Outline: Michele Mishler