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A Lesson in Pre-Cut Bundles: Common Names, Sizes and Shapes

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Scanning the list of materials for your next project tutorial, you suddenly come across a term or two that causes you to stop and scratch your head: Fat Quarters, Charm Packs, Jelly Rolls, Layer Cakes, Honey Buns, Dessert Rolls. Have you accidentally clicked from a sewing site to a recipe site? All these items sound so delicious, but what the heck do they have to do with sewing? They are the names of various types of fabric pre-cuts. And though not edible, they are great time and money savers, and the perfect way to play with all the pretty pieces from your favorite quilting cotton collections. 

Pre-cut bundles have long been a favorite of quilters; but recently, all types of sewers, including the home décor aficionados here at Sew4Home, have become fans. Pre-cuts shorten your cutting time and give you an affordable way to purchase an entire collection of fabric without breaking the bank.

At this time, pre-cuts are made only from designer quilting cotton collections. We did run across a few Charm Packs made with wool, but that was definitely an exception to the rule. However, knowing the innovative minds at the fabric manufacturers, we wouldn't be at all surprised if we started seeing pre-cuts in some of the newer fabric substrates sometime soon. 

It also seems like there are new bundle options coming out all the time. Riley Blake, as well as a few other manufacturers, have recently started offering One Yard Packs, which contain about a half-dozen one-yard cuts in coordinating colors from within one collection. Fat Quarter Shop has a good selection of One Yard Bundles already

Our thanks to Fat Quarter Shop for helping us 'cut through' the confusion on this article and for providing the images. 

Fat Quarter Bundles

Fat Quarters are a quilter's best fabric friend. They measure 18" high x 22" wide, were the first specialty cut on the market, and are still the most common. What makes it 'fat'? A traditional quarter yard of fabric is cut from selvedge to selvedge (bolt end to bolt end), which gives you a piece measuring approximately 9" high x 44" wide, depending on the width of fabric you are working with. The majority of quilting-weight fabrics are 44-45" wide. This long and narrow traditional cut isn't very flexible in terms of the shapes you can cut from it. The 18" x 22" Fat Quarter gives you a squarer shape with the same amount of fabric, but in a much better format from which to cut smaller squares, rectangles and/or triangles. It is actually a full quarter of a single yard of fabric (36" x 44"). If you divide a 36" x 44" piece into four equal pieces, each one will be 18" x 22". Nearly all fabric manufacturers offer Fat Quarter bundles of one form or another, and that is exactly what they are called, however, Northcott Fabrics refers to theirs as Stone Rolls. Most Fat Quarter Bundles contain one Fat Quarter of every print in a collection, but because the number of prints in a collection varies widely, so do the number of Fat Quarters in any given bundle. Depending on whether or not the manufacturer includes the selvedge, your cut might end up at 18" x 21".

We used Fat Quarters in our Vintage Style Hot Pads and Queen Quilt Cut-Up.

Click to view the Fat Quarter Bundle selection at Fat Quarter Shop. 

Fat Eighth Bundles

Fat Eighths are... you guessed it, half of a Fat Quarter. They measure 9" high x 22" wide, a good rectangle shape that can be used as-is or sub-cut into a few smaller shapes. Just like the Fat Quarter Bundles, Fat Eighth Bundles traditionally contain one piece of every print in a collection, but because the number of prints in a collection varies widely, so do the sizes of Fat Eighth bundles. We found them most frequently in bundles of twenty to forty pieces. As above for the Fat Quarters, and for the same reason, some Fat Eighths are 9" x 21".

We used Fat Eighths in our Gathering Apron

Click to view the Fat Eighth Bundle selection at Fat Quarter Shop.

Charm Packs

A Charm is a 5" x 5" square of fabric. Depending on the fabric company, each Charm Pack normally contains at least one of each print in the collection. Most packs have around forty-two pieces, which means there can be duplicates and even triplicates of some prints. Charm squares are great for easy patchwork quilts. You can sew them up without slicing and dicing and - voila, quilt top done! Charm Packs are also one of the least expensive pre-cuts on the market, and like Fat Quarters, are a very common option from nearly all the fabric manufacturers. For the most part, they are referred to as Charm Packs, but Northcott Fabrics has Stone Chips and Hoffman Fabrics calls their batik bundles, Bali Snaps.

We used Charm Packs in our Prairie Points Pillow and Kwanzaa Table Mat.

Click to view the selection of Charm Packs available at Fat Quarter Shop.

Mini Charm Packs

These little bundles are about as cute as you can get! We like to think of them as Barbie® pre-cuts. At just 2½" x 2½", they are indeed adorable, but also quite functional. Use them as center points in your patchwork or combine them with the 2½" Jelly Roll strips (more on these below). Some fabric manufacturers use this size only for samples to give away at quilt shows and other events, but Moda has included them as a standard pre-cut option for the majority of their collections. Like Charm Packs, most Mini Charm Packs contain about forty-two pieces. At under $5.00 each, these are one of the most economical ways to inject a lot of little bits of color and design.

Mini Charm Packs would be perfect for our Toaster Cover and Trimmed Kitchen Towels.

Click to view the selection of Mini Charm Packs available at Fat Quarter Shop.

Layer Cakes

A Layer Cake is a super-sized Charm Pack! Whereas a Charm Pack contains 5" x 5" squares; it's big brother the Layer Cake is made up of 10" x 10" cuts of fabric. This gives you a lot of fabric to play with, especially for larger-scale prints. If you need to cut shapes for appliqué or create squares of different sizes, Layer Cakes are your best bet. Moda's Layer Cakes contain forty-two pieces. Other companies are also beginning to offer 10" x 10" square bundles as an option, such as Robert Kaufman's Ten Squares (forty-two pieces) and Hoffman's Bali Crackers (forty pieces).

We used Layer Cakes in our Button Quilted Throw and Travel Size Tissue Covers.

Click to view the selection of Layer Cakes available at Fat Quarter Shop.

Jelly Rolls 

Moda Fabrics coined the term Jelly Roll for these cute, round fabric treats. A Jelly Roll has forty 2½" x 44" strips of fabric. These forty strips are layered, rolled up tight, and tied with a bow. Jelly Roll strips can be used to achieve many fun, scrappy effects. Try sewing several strips together along the length, slicing them into 2" sections, and mixing up the sub-cuts as an easy patchwork method. Most fabric companies have followed Moda's lead with something in this size, such as FreeSpirit Fabric's Design Rolls, which include thirty to forty-two 2½" x 44" strips; Robert Kaufman's Roll-ups with forty 2½" x 44" strips and their Half Rolls with twenty 2½" x 44" strips; Hoffman Fabrics' Bali Pops with forty 2½" x 44" strips; and Northcott's Stone Strips, also with forty 2½" x 44" strips.

We used Jelly Rolls in our Decorative Stitch Placemats and Braided Pillow.

Click to view the selection of Jelly Rolls available at Fat Quarter Shop.

Honey Buns

If the Layer Cake is the Charm Pack's big brother, the Honey Bun is the Jelly Roll's little sister. The Honey Bun (again, a Moda Fabric creation) has become a much-less-common option in recent years. When available, it contains forty 1½" x 44" strips. Sewn up, using a ¼" seam allowance, the strips finish at 1" wide, allowing for some very cute and intricate effects. The only other manufacturer offering this size in any quantity is Robert Kaufman, who offers what they call Skinny Strips: forty to forty-one 1½" x 44" strips. 

We used Honey Buns in our Strips & Stitches Pillow and Rose Banded Pillowcases.

FQS does not carry a wide variety of Honey Buns, but we did find a pretty example in Winterlude by 3 Sisters for Moda Fabrics, which is coming out in June 2014. 

Dessert Rolls

Jelly Rolls double-up to become Dessert Rolls. These are 5" x 44" strips, which makes them a good option for sub-cutting into squares or rectangles or you could make your own pairs of 2½" Jelly Roll strips. Moda uses the term, Dessert Rolls and bundles twenty 5" x 44" strips in each roll. This is one pre-cut that has a lot of variation in size. At Timeless Treasures, they have Tonga Treat 6-Packs, which are twenty 6" x 44" cuts. RJR Fabrics offers Twice The Charm with forty-six 5½"x 21 strips. Windham Fabrics has Fat Rolls with thirty 5" x 44" strips. Kaufman Fabrics just introduced Charm Rolls, twenty 5" x 44" strips. And, Rowan Fabrics cuts theirs at 6" x 44" and calls the twenty-piece bundles, Design Strips. 

Click to view the selection of Dessert Rolls at Fat Quarter Shop.

Hexagons

This is a fairly new member of the pre-cut universe, having been introduced to the market in 2012 by Robert Kaufman Fabrics. Since then, they've become quite popular, probably because it's a hard shape to cut precisely by hand! Robert Kaufman's "Hexie" is 2" point-to-point and available in a variety of forty-one-piece Kona Solid Cottons. Moda's calls their option: Honeycombs, which measure 6" from point to point, 5¼" measured horizontally, and they include a plastic template with dots in each corner to use as a seam allowance guide. Fat Quarter Shop has a great video, which shows you the tips and tricks of sewing with Honeycombs. 

Click here to view the selection of Hexagons at Fat Quarter Shop.

Turnovers

Finally, we have turnovers, which are triangles. These are not as common as the other shapes, but are still a wonderful option for many projects. Moda has a 10" variety they call the Moda Slice, Robert Kaufman has Kona Solids 6½" Half Square Triangles, which are packaged like a square with two forty-piece stacks bundled side-to-side for eighty 6½" triangles total, and Benartex also brings out eighty-piece 6" turnovers for their collections quite regularly.

FQS does not carry a wide variety of the triangles, but we did find them in Bella Solids Splash, Bartholo-Meow Reef by Tim and Beck for Moda, and Color Me Happy by V & Co. for Moda.   

We haven't yet tried the Dessert Rolls, Hexagons or Triangles here at Sew4Home, but are intrigued by the shapes and flexibility and the creative wheels are spinning with ideas!

A few laundering notes

Moda Fabrics makes the most pre-cut bundles on the market, and they state that their pre-cuts never need to be pre-washed. They feel pre-washing means pressing, and that takes a lot of the ease-of-use out of working with pre-cuts. In addition, you could be left with a big tangle of thread ends. 

However, as in all things sewing, there are a variety of theories out there, and it's hard to give a 100%-works-every-time response. Most people agree that if you're mixing pre-cuts with other fabrics, pre-washing is in order. Otherwise, when laundering the final project, the different types of fabric could shrink at different rates, leading to wonky seams.  

If the project you are making will rarely, if ever, be laundered, you could try not preshrinking anything. Or, if you have enough extra yardage/pre-cuts, you could do a small sample pre-wash of both to see how they behave.

If you do decide to pre-wash pre-cuts, they should be placed in a mesh bag or pillowcase to reduce tangling. And there is likely to be some fraying. To keep this at a minimum, some people recommend snipping a little off each corner at a 45˚ angle prior to washing. 

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Comments (28)

Jeanette Tomlinson said:
Jeanette Tomlinson's picture

I have some cotton fabric which has picture panels on it.  They are uniform squares which I'd like to use as the centres for log cabin style blocks.  They are slightly different than the standard size of 3.5" x 3.5" and I want to use 2.5" strips for the other pieces.  Can you tell me how to calculate the sizes for the strips and does it really matter if the blocks work out bigger than the standard 12" as long as they are all the same size as each other?

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Jeanette Tomlinson - we aren't necessarily quilting experts here at Sew4Home -- there are LOTS of other folks with much more depth than we offer. That said, your best bet is to draw it out on graph paper. That is what we often do when planning our own quilt designs. Remember to account for your 1/4" seam along both edgesof any pieces to be sewn together. Drawing it out will also let you see the proportions so you can make sure those 2.5" strips will look good against the picture panels. Finally, your blocks can definitely be whatever size you'd like as long as they are all uniform. Just use the new block size to calculate the overall finished size to insure your binding and backing cuts are accurate. You might find this Quilting Basics tutorial we did helpful - it shows the concept of drawing out a block:

http://www.sew4home.com/tips-resources/sewing-tips-tricks/quilt-basics-q...

kynna said:
kynna's picture

Can I use fat eights for a quilt pattern that uses a jelly roll? Thank you for your help. 

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Kynna - A fat eighths is 9 x 22 and a jelly roll strip is 2.5" x 44. So, depending on how flexible your pattern is. It is likely configured to make best use of the 2.5" x 44" strips so you'd have to cut and seam the fat eighths into similar lengths. You could cut three 2.5" strips from the fat eighth but them would then need to seam two together to get the appropriate length. You'll lose a half inch in the seam, so even then it would be 43.5" instead of 44" in length.You'd have to do a lot of cutting and seaming and would end up with waste from your original fat eights, so... all that to say, "yes - you could probably make it work, but it would be much more work and possibly more expensive."

dafty crafty said:
dafty crafty's picture

The "MINI HONEY BUNS" are identifed on the PDF link shown by Swan Song.   It would appear that it is normal honey bun size strips but is less quantity of strips, because it calls it a "Sweet Box - 2 mini honey buns from two collections" ... see the Moda Bake Shop 

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ dafty crafty - Thanks for the update. Fabric manufacturers seem to being coming out with new pre-cut options quite often these days. We updated this article last year, but new stuff hits all the time. 

swansong said:
swansong's picture

Thank you! I really needed this article; I thought a Jelly Roll was a continuous strip of patches and therefore hesitated to buy one thinking I wouldn't be able to use it.. So glad to be educated. If anyone is interested, Moda has a PDF chart of their pre-cut terms and the associated yardage. It may come in handy if you're trying to plan a project. I've booked marked this page as well as theirs. Again, so glad I clicked.

Denise Dougan said:
Denise Dougan's picture

Hi, new to quilting and just trying to understand all.  In Layer cakes is in 42 squares of different patterns within the same range or is it 2/3 squares of each pattern. Thanks.

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Denise Dougan - there isn't one answer to your question because the number of prints and colors in the various collections can vary widely. You are traditionally guaranteed at least one square of each motif in each colorway. The number of repeats of the motifs/colors is random and will depend on the size of the collection. 

Pat Bartholomes said:
Pat Bartholomes's picture

Hi,  what is the least expensive pre cut to use? Would it be the Jelly Roll, the Charm Pack, etc..

Thank you

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Pat Bartholomes - it depends on what you want to do with the pre-cut as different sizes are best for different applications. But on price alone, the Charm Park is the least expensive of the standard bunch (not counting tiny cuts or specialty bundles), but that's also because it contains the smallest amount of fabric.

Patricia Bartholomes said:
Patricia Bartholomes's picture

Hi,

Really good article. I like the idea from above about making a chart of all the different names, definitions and sizes of the different "bakery" items.  :  )

Is there some place to find out what sizes for example, the jelly roll makes? How many jelly rolls does it take to make a quilt or a wall hanging?

Thank you!

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Patricia Bartholomes - Glad you enjoyed the article. There really isn't anything like the chart you are describing because there's no one way to make a jelly roll quilt or wall hanging. How many jelly roll strips you need would completely depend on the quilt top's or wall-hanging's design. 

Patricia Newton-Carline said:
Patricia Newton-Carline's picture

Thank you sooooo much for this great article - I haven't done 'decorative' sewing for over 20 years & took one look at all the fabric choices out there, designed to make things simpler & discovered I had a doozy of a headache! Now all things are made clear - well, clearish - & I can get on & have fun!!! 

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Patricia Newton-Carline - So glad to have cleared things up... at least a little . Enjoy the new adventure!

Michelle Graham said:
Michelle Graham's picture

Thank you for this GREAT info!  I too plan to make my own chart and laminate it.  Fairly new to quilting and greatly appreciative!

Grandma Sandee said:
Grandma Sandee's picture

I have a pattern that calls for mini huney buns.  What is the dimensions of this fabric?

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Grandma Sandee - I'm sorry but that is not a cut we are familiar or found in all our recent searching. The standard Honey Bun is just 1-1/2", so it seems like anything smaller would be super skinny. Does the pattern describe anything else about the dimension or show it anywhere within their diagrams? Perhaps they really just mean Honey Buns and are just adding the "mini" because they are so small already.  

Janice Benton said:
Janice Benton's picture

I am new to patchwork and had been looking for sometime for an explanation on the various terms used for fabric so  I fwas very pleased to find your excellent article.

Janice Benton said:
Janice Benton's picture

I am new to patchwork and had been looking for sometime for an explanation on the various terms used for fabric so  I fwas very pleased to find your excellent article.

Jeri Klein said:
Jeri Klein's picture

Thanks for the great info.  I, too, always wondered what these names meant.  I'll be making a "go to" chart for my own use. When I need a certain size, I'll know the proper name.

Tansy said:
Tansy's picture

Thank you for making everything so easy to understand,but who thought up the names in the first place?

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Tansy - the fabric manufacturer's coin their own names. Moda came up with many of the "bakery-themed" names, and their blog is called Moda Bake Shop. Fat Quarters are a quilter's term, and the name is described above in that they are 1/4 yard but "fat" rather than a traditional "skinny" 1/4 yard cut. Maybe one of our visitors can give us the history of "charm" squares.

Mary H said:
Mary H's picture

Wonderful article!  On my last few trips to the fabric shop, I saw tables of fabric rolls with these names and wondered what they all meant.  Now I know!  Thanks s4h!!

Gay Ferland said:
Gay Ferland's picture

Bravo for having this valuable information!!  Lifesaver!

Kay in WA said:
Kay in WA's picture

This is such a valuable article, all the descriptions in one place. I have been rather baffled by all the new terms, so it's so helpful. Thank you!

cathymichels said:
cathymichels's picture

Thanks for all of the great info and project inspiration!  Seeing this makes me realize that I may have purchased a Honey Bun thinking it was a Jelly Roll.  (In food terms, this wouldn't be so bad.)  But if I planned on making a quilt with the Jelly Roll and it turned out to be a Honey Bun I will be searching for a new pattern. (This is all making me very hungry for baked goods.)  Better check my stove - I mean stash.

Debbie Andrews said:
Debbie Andrews's picture

Thank you so much for this article.  I am a very new quilter wannabe and am still basically in the research mode.  That said, I already have my fabric and have recently purchased a jelly roll to correspond with my main fabric. I feel that to be better informed about any subject is a good thing.  This article is extremely helpful to me.

Sincerely, 

Debbie

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