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Weekend Wonders with Fabric.com: Machine Basting 101

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Whether you’re a novice or advanced sewer, you’ve likely heard the term "basting." And, we don't mean the yummy Thanksgiving turkey technique! In sewing, basting is a temporary straight stitch used to hold layers together until a final stitch is sewn. Since it’s a long, loose stitch, a basting stitch removes easily after sewing is complete. In this tutorial, we’ll explain 1) how to determine if your sewing machine has a basting stitch, 2) when to use a basting stitch in your sewing projects, and 3) why hand basting is sometimes needed as well. 

First a math riddle to crack up your sewing friends: When does 1+1 = 1? When you're basting two layers together! 

Does my sewing machine have a basting stitch?

It's a trick question. All sewing machines have a basting stitch. If you feel silly because you didn’t know that, no worries; it’s actually a common question sewing machine dealers hear all the time. 

A basting stitch is simply a straight stitch (center needle or left needle position) set at the longest possible length. Depending on the make/model of machine you own, the longest length can vary. In addition, some sewing machines have a pre-programmed basting stitch, which we will discuss later in the tutorial.

To understand more clearly, we’ve sewn a standard length straight stitch and a basting stitch side by side. Since Janome supplies our studio machines, our standard straight stitch length (the length the machine defaults to when we select the stitch) is 2.2mm. Using the same exact straight stitch, the longest allowable length is 5.0mm.

If you're not basting, I bet you might be wondering why you would use such a long stitch. Well, we can tell you! If you're sewing something with super thick fabrics and/or many layers, the very same stitch can appear shorter because the length is now being used to get through the depth of the fabric/layers. In addition, a longer stitch made in thicker fabric doesn't pull out as easily as a long stitch in lightweight fabric (and of course, your regular sewing sewn would be locked on both ends, basting stitches are not usually locked at either end). So, a straight stitch can be adjusted longer as needed to account for fabric(s) thickness. In the below picture below, the line of stitching on top that we sewed through a few layers of fabric and batting, is the same length as the middle line from our first example!

You may own a computerized sewing machine with a pre-programmed basting stitch. These pre-programmed basting stitches can be automatic and/or manual. The automatic setting is a time-saver, simply adjusting the length to the longest setting (in our case 5.0mm) so you don't have to manually set the length each time you want to sew a basting stitch. Below is a picture of one our of Janome machines, showing the basting stitch options.

The manual pre-programmed basting stitch can be compared with free motion sewing (or quilting). In essence, it’s a function where you control the movement of the fabric, not the machine. As in free motion, with a manual pre-programmed basting stitch, you need to attach a Darning foot. Also, since our machine is computerized, when the manual basting stitch is selected, the feed dogs drop automatically. You can make short or very long basting stitches depending on how you advance the fabric under the foot. This is best used for quilt projects where you simply want to hold the layers together temporarily before actually quilting in a pattern. In our photo below, we used a seam ripper to lift up a section of the thread in the long stitching example so you could see how much you can vary the length with this type of pre-programmed manual basting stitch.

If you have a non-computerized machine and its feed dogs drop, all you need is a Darning foot to create this same technique.

If you’re not sure how to set your specific sewing machine, the instruction manual should contain information on machine basting settings. If that doesn't help, we suggest visiting your local retailer for assistance.

When do I use a basting stitch?

Basically, you use a basting stitch wherever and whenever you need to temporarily hold layers together. Depending on the type of item you're sewing, basting stitches are sewn at the exact seam allowance or just inside the seam allowance. Even though we’re always reminding you that we only use contrasting thread in our examples so you can clearly see the techniques, in this case, you actually want to use contrasting thread! Traditionally, all basting stitches are sewn in a contrasting thread so you can see them clearly to more easily remove them later.

Garment fitting

In garment sewing, a basting stitch is often used for fitting purposes. Whether you make a “muslin” (a prototype of the garment made from muslin fabric) first or cut the actual fabric first, it’s recommended you fit a garment before final sewing, especially if you’re not familiar with a pattern's design/fit. Using a basting stitch makes the process quicker and easier. This is because the longer stitch sews more quickly and removes more easily. In this example, basting stitches sewn for fit should be sewn at the seam allowance in order to get the most exact measurements. 

Zippers

Basting zippers in place before final sewing is very helpful. It allows you to make sure the zipper is positioned correctly, and it makes the process easier and more accurate because you're not worrying about removing pins. You can baste zippers at the exact line of stitching or inside the line of stitching. Don’t forget to attach a zipper foot.

Home décor

Basting is a great technique to use for sewing trims. For example, when a trim is sewn in a seam of a pillow, it’s always easier to baste the trim to one side of the pillow first. Then, when you place the two sides of the pillow right sides together for final sewing, you are working with only two layers instead of three. In addition, it eliminates the need to worry about catching all the layers evenly as you sew. Usually, this kind of basting is done inside the seam allowance.

Quilting

When a quilt is layered just prior to the actual quilting, the layers are always basted first. This holds the layers together to eliminate any shifting of the quilt top, batting and backing. If these layers don't remain lined up properly during the quilting process, the results can be disastrous. These basting stitches are sewn across the entire quilt and later completely removed.

Serging

If you own a serger, you may already use this technique. When you work with a serger, its knife trims off the seam allowance as the raw edges are wrapped with an overlocking stitch. Pretty cool in terms of fast finishing, but... if you make a mistake, it is dang hard to remove the stitching to correct it. Not to mention, you no longer have any seam allowance to speak of. So, if you baste the seams first, you can make sure you’ve sewn the item correctly. Then, you can use that line of basting to guide the fabric under the foot of the serger. In addition, it’s never a good idea to use pins around a serger, the knife can come down on the pin and cause tremendous damage, so basting is a great option for serging.

 

There’s really no need to remove basting stitches (indicated by the pink thread in the below picture) in the serger scenario, because you won't be able to see them through the overlock stitches. 

Other uses

A basting stitch is often the first step in other sewing techniques, such as gathering and set-in sleeves.

When you want to gather the edge of fabric, you sew a basting stitch inside the seam allowance, then pull the bobbin thread to create the gathers. Gathers can be tight and pronounced or gentle and loose, simply a function of easing one piece into another, such as when inserting a set-in sleeve. In fact, two rows of basting stitches sewn inside the seam allowance around the top of a sleeve is really the only way to create a perfect fit. 

This technique also works on garments with princess seams at the bust line. A little basting stitch at the curve will help to fit the front and side bodice pieces together with ease and exactness.

What about hand basting?

As in all sewing, there are times we have to turn to a hand needle and thread. An example would be when an extra measure of accuracy is needed and/or when something is simply too big to fit through a sewing machine. 

Of course, you can vary the length of the stitch as you see fit. In some cases, it may help to do a simple backstitch as you hand baste to help keep the stitching secure. Hand basting pulls out even easier than machine basting. 

You have passed Basting 101; I think you now should be able to hold it together a little better!

Contributors

Sample Creation and Instructional Outline: Jodi Kelly

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Comments (15)

My sewing machine doesn't allow you to adjust stitch length said:
My sewing machine doesn't allow you to adjust stitch length's picture

Thank you for your informative post. I am not sure if I can baste with my machine. I am unable to adjust the stitch length. Should I just hand baste if I wish so gather or fit garments properly or is there any way for me to baste with my machine. 

This is the machine I have: http://www.sewingmachinesplus.com/singer-1408-promise.php?gclid=CIrz-o7Y...

What do you suggest that I do to baste stitches? Thank you for your time.

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ My sewing machine.... - I can't give you accurate advice on a specific machine if I have not used it, and this is not one we have ever tried. We use Janome machines in our studios. It does appear  the machine has three straight stitch lengths on the dial; one of those may indeed work for basting. Check your machine's manual for more details on exactly what each of the stitches should be used for. If not, yes, you can certainly hand baste. 

Januk said:
Januk's picture

Wow so many helpful sewing hints and tips so glad I found this website

MrBen said:
MrBen's picture

If you are finding it hard to pull out the basting, why not loosen the tension?

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ MrBen - yes, if you are having trouble, you can loosen the top tread tension. Just remember to return it to its original setting for standard stitching. 

Meg M. said:
Meg M.'s picture

Wow, so glad I found this post! I get so frustrated basting with my beginner's machine (the longest stitch doesn't pull out easily, even when I'm working with broadcloth). Since I'm still learning, I can't justify a "better" machine just yet. So I'll try picking up a darning foot and dropping the feed dogs. Thanks for the tips!

vanessa lopez 5 said:
vanessa lopez 5's picture

is the top or bobbin thread easier to pull out first when basting?

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ vanessa lopez 5 - we conferred with our favorite experts and this was the consensus: we we stated above, Some sewing experts will tell you it doesn’t matter which thread you pull to gather the fabric: needle or bobbin. However, the way a straight stitch is formed, the top (needle) thread is the one "in the ditch", being held down by the bottom (bobbin) thread. This means the bobbin thread is always the one that removes most easily.

Kristine Henson said:
Kristine Henson's picture

     Chain stitch will pull out easily!!!! Just try the other thread, or the other side- only one side will be easy to pull.    

Deb W said:
Deb W's picture

I just bought a coverstitch machine with the intentions of using the chain stitch as a basting stitch; however, the thread does not pull out easily, as I had hoped.  Is there a trick to this?  Thank you.

Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home said:
Liz Johnson.Editor.Sew4Home's picture

@ Deb W - if your machine is creating the stitch properly, it should simply pull out. Because there are so many variables between machine models, it is very hard to troubleshoot specific issues long distance. We always recommend turning first to the manual, and then going to your dealer for advice and help. 

Twinnie said:
Twinnie's picture

I just bought a coverstitch machine with the hope of making chain stitches that will easily pull out.  However, mine do not pull out easily.  Is there a trick to this?  Thank you.

 

MarciaFlorida said:
MarciaFlorida's picture

Now I will investigate using the basting stitch on our new machine for basting a quilt sandwich!

Whitney said:
Whitney's picture

You forgot to mention using a serger for the basting itself! If you have a coverstitch machine/chain stitch on your serger,  you can set the longest length and baste with that! The chain stitch is super easy to pull out from the back, if you need to.

I've used a long chain stitch to sew two bandanas together to make a gift bag. If the recipient wants bandanas, all they have to do is pull a thread and they come apart!

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